James Clerk Maxwell and Dumfries & Galloway
James Clerk Maxwell of Glenlair was one of the greatest scientists who ever lived.
James Clerk Maxwell was born on the 13th June 1831 and died on 5 November 1879, he was buried at Parton Kirk near Castle Douglas.
Although born in Edinburgh, when Maxwell was young his family moved to Glenlair House, near the village of Corsock in Dumfries and Galloway. The original structure was designed for Maxwell's father by Walter Newall; Maxwell himself oversaw the construction of an extension in the late 1860s when he resigned the chair at King's College London and returned to Glenlair.
To James Clerk Maxwell we owe the most significant discovery of our age - the theory of electromagnetism. He is rightly acclaimed as the father of modern physics. He also made fundamental contributions to mathematics, astronomy and engineering.
So much of our technology in the world today stems from his grasp of basic principles of the universe. Wide ranging developments in the field of electricity and electronics, including radio, television, radar and communications, derive from Maxwell's discovery - which was not a synthesis of what was known before, but rather a fundamental change in concept that departed from Newton's view and was to influence greatly the modern scientific and industrial revolution.
Albert Einstein said:
"The special theory of relativity owes its origins to Maxwell's equations of the electromagnetic field."
Einstein also said:
"Since Maxwell's time, physical reality has been thought of as represented by continuous fields, and not capable of any mechanical interpretation. This change in the conception of reality is the most profound and the most fruitful that physics has experienced since the time of Newton"
Ivan Tolstoy, in his biography of Maxwell, wrote:
“Maxwell's importance in the history of scientific thought is comparable to Einstein’s (whom he inspired) and to Newton’s (whose influence he curtailed)”
James Clerk Maxwell’s statue in George Street, Edinburgh was unveiled on 25th November 2008
(unveiling pictured above).
James Clerk Maxwell Information by Dorothy Thomson